The Essential Concrete Tools List: 30 Different Types & Their Uses
Having the right equipment for the job not only betters the quality of your work but also improves productivity while making things easier. This is especially important when working with concrete because time is of the essence and things can easily go wrong.
The good news is that most essential concrete tools are not pricey. Therefore, consider owning them instead of renting. The following is a list of the 30 most essential concrete tools.
As its name suggests, this is a piece of equipment that ensures that the concrete is mixed thoroughly for maximum strength and durability.
Concrete mixers are of two main types: the continuous mixer and the batch mixer. The continuous mixer is used in large-scale projects where large amounts of concrete is needed, such as in the construction of dams and bridges to provide a continuous flow of concrete. The batch, on the other hand, is the most commonly utilized type of mixer. It consists of a revolving barrel with baffles or blades where predetermined amounts of materials are put for mixing.
2. Safety Gear
Concrete is hazardous. This is because it contains chemicals that are irritants. As such, it is crucial that you wear protective gear when handling this substance. Some of this includes:
These are long, straight boards or stiff tubing that are used to level concrete after its poured. They come in different sizes and types to suit the requirements of a specific project. As a general rule, a hand screed should be longer than the width of the surface you are leveling to ensure that you reach the edges effectively in one motion.
A wheelbarrow comes in handy when looking to carry tools or small amounts of concrete around the site. You can also use them to mix concrete when need be. When purchasing a wheelbarrow for concrete work, ensure that it has pneumatic tires, as those are the best types of tires for supporting heavy loads. The body should be made from steel and with at least an 8 cubic feet capacity.
Using a bucket is the most effective way of pouring water for mixing or taking care of concrete. Have one ready before you need it.
6. Laser Level
Laser levels are arguably the best tools for leveling forms. Additionally, they help you to establish or check the height of installed pieces, such as bolts. Unlike traditional strings, laser levels utilize a beam of light for leveling. This means that they do not get in the way. Moreover, they are more accurate and consistent than other leveling tools.
Concrete work involves a lot of floating. This is the process of tooling the damp concrete’s surface using wood or metal to raise it slightly, resulting in a smoother finish. Floating is typically done after screed work.
There are two types of floats – bull floats and magnesium floats. Bull floats come with wide blades and a long handle and are usually used to perform the first leveling pass after screed work. Magnesium floats, on the other hand, are much smaller. They are typically used to level the edges of the slab.
8. Vapor Barriers
Also known as retarders, vapor barriers prevent moisture from escaping the surface of damp concrete and weakening it. This means that they are placed on top of the concrete. However, they can also be applied first before the concrete is poured to hinder the dry base material from sucking water out of the concrete.
9. Groove cutters
Also referred to as groovers, these tools help you make control joints on residential slabs, walkways, and driveways. They come in handy where a concrete saw is not practical.
10. Hand Sprayer
A hand sprayer allows you to apply curing compound directly onto a damp concrete surface to assist the concrete to set at your preferred rate while preventing the development of cracks.
Depending on your project, you might need either or all of the following power saws:
These saws come in handy during the demolition or removal of old concrete structures. You can also use them to cut control joints as the concrete hardens. The most essential component of a quality concrete saw is its blade. Diamond blades are the best, as they are tough and durable.
Standard Woodworking Saws
These saws can cut though anything – but chop saws do well with metal, which you’ll need to cut the rebar.
12. Plate Compactor
A compactor helps you to compact gravel and other granular surfaces to create a tightly packed, dense surface for your concrete slab to rest on. They especially come in handy when it comes to unstable or uneven soils, where achieving a stable base is paramount before pouring concrete.
For your concrete to be firm and durable, you must remove any air pockets within it to ensure that it is stable. Vibrators help you in that regard by shaking the wet concrete to remove any air pockets. They come in four main types:
These come with a vibrating probe that you immerse in wet concrete
This tool is attached to the edges of the concrete form to create vibrations that eliminate any air pockets that are near the edges.
This vibrator is attached to a screed to create vibrations on the surface of the concrete during screeding.
This is a vibrating metal platform for shaking concrete inside a mold.
14. Water Pump
Precipitation and drainage can cause water to collect on top of your concrete form. Extracting that water using pails can result in a loss of productive hours. A simple motorized water pump can do that job at a faster pace without requiring any human input.
15. Power Drills and Hammers
You are more than likely going to need power drills for finishing tasks, such as attaching ledgers and sill plates to foundations or mounting railings and posts to poured steps. Make sure that a power drill or rotary hammer is contractor-grade before purchasing it.
A shovel comes in handy when looking to move small amounts of concrete around. Most concrete contractors prefer the square-ended shovel to the rounded, garden-type version.
17. Tape Measure
A tape measure allows you to measure the depth of a concrete form easily before you pour. It is also useful for mapping and testing placement.
A rake provides you with a quick way of spreading the freshly poured concrete around so that it is uniform. While the standard garden rake can do the job, you would be better off using a come-along rake. A come-along rake comes with a scooped blade to allow you to pre-level new concrete easily. The blade also features a tine that helps lift the mesh or rebar into position before the concrete hardens.
When working with low slump concrete, a tamper allows you to push the aggregate beneath the surface of the slab. Some tampers can be used while standing on the slab, while others can be used from the edge.
20. Kneeling Boards
Kneeling boards provide you with a comfortable surface to kneel on when working on a concrete surface using your hands.
A trowel is a tool that helps you smoothen out the concrete surface for its finish coat before it is allowed to dry. Hand trowels are used for smaller slabs, while larger slabs typically require power trowels.
22. Sand Screen
This screen is used for sieving sand onsite.
23. Digging Bar
A digging bar comes in handy when looking to break up or loosen compact or hard surfaces.
24. Measuring Box
A measuring box allows you to measure the amount of materials that you are going to be using in your concrete mix.
25. Putty Knife
The putty knife comes in handy during putty finishing. It allows you to control the thickness of the putty effectively.
26. Vacuum Blower
Depending on the size of your project, you might require a forklift for the efficient transportation of materials around the site.
Once the slab is sufficiently dry, you can now use a polisher to produce an aesthetic finish.
29. Dust Collection Systems
Working with concrete results in a lot of dust production. As mentioned, cement dust can be hazardous. Therefore, it is important to get it out as fast as possible. As such, you should invest in a dust collection system for the health of your workers.
30. Pressure Washer
Concrete jobs can be messy. A pressure washer will allow you to clean up fast and effectively.
If you are looking to work with concrete, having the right tools can make the difference between a great job and a mediocre one. While this list is not comprehensive, you now know where to start.
- 1. Mixers
- 2. Safety Gear
- 3. Screeds
- 4. Wheelbarrows
- 5. Bucket
- 6. Laser Level
- 7. Floats
- 8. Vapor Barriers
- 9. Groove cutters
- 10. Hand Sprayer
- 11. Saws
- 12. Plate Compactor
- 13. Vibrators
- 14. Water Pump
- 15. Power Drills and Hammers
- 16. Shovel
- 17. Tape Measure
- 18. Rakes
- 19. Tamper
- 20. Kneeling Boards
- 21. Trowels
- 22. Sand Screen
- 23. Digging Bar
- 24. Measuring Box
- 25. Putty Knife
- 26. Vacuum Blower
- 27. Forklift
- 28. Polishers
- 29. Dust Collection Systems
- 30. Pressure Washer